They include, besides Sanskrit, the following 21 modern Indian languages: Assamese, Bangla, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kashmiri, Kannada, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Santali, Sindhi, and Urdu.
How many total languages are spoken in India?
There are a total of 121 languages and 270 mother tongues. The 22 languages specified in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India are given in Part A and languages other than those specified in the Eighth Schedule (numbering 99) are given in Part B.
What is the main language spoken in India?
Press Trust of India More than 19,500 languages or dialects are spoken in India as mother tongues, according to the latest analysis of a census released this week. There are 121 languages which are spoken by 10,000 or more people in India, which has a population of 121 crore, it said.
What are the 5 main languages in India?
10 Most Spoken Languages in India by Number of Speakers
- Hindi – 52.83 crore speakers. …
- Bengali – 9.72 crore speakers. …
- Marathi – 8.30 crore speakers. …
- Telugu – 8.11 crore speakers. …
- Tamil – 6.90 crore speakers. …
- Gujarati – 5.54 crore speakers. …
- Urdu – 5.07 crore speakers. …
- Kannada – 4.37 crore speakers.
Is English the main language in India?
India has no National Language as per the Constitution but has Hindi and English as the official languages. As per Article 343 of the Indian Constitution: (1) The official language of the Union of India shall be Hindi written in Devanagari script.
What language is spoken in China?
Mandarin Chinese is known as 普通话 (Pǔtōnghuà), the “common speech,” and it has only been the official language of China since the 1930s, when the country established it as the standard dialect and began pushing to make this a reality nationwide.
Which is highest spoken language in world?
The most spoken languages in the world
- English (1.132 million speakers)
- Mandarin (1.117 million speakers)
- Spanish (534 million speakers)
- French (280 million speakers)
- Arabic (274 million speakers)
- Russian (258 million speakers)
- Portuguese (234 million speakers)
How many languages are spoken in India more than 600?
The Constitution of India recognizes 23 official languages and two official classical languages, Sanskrit and Tamil that are spoken in various parts of the world. Not only, we have more than 1,600 languages that are the mother tongues of people, but more than a hundred forms of dance exist in our country too.
Which is oldest language in India?
This language is spoken in India, Sri Lanka, Singapore and Malaysia. World’s oldest language is Sanskrit. The Sanskrit language is called Devbhasha.
What are the 1600 languages in India?
The Eighth Schedule of the Constitution consists of the following 22 languages –Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Bodo, Santhali, Maithili and Dogri.
How many languages does China speak?
Officially, there are 302 living languages in China. Depending on your definition of “language” and “dialect,” this number can vary somewhat. The number of speakers of many of China’s minority languages and dialects has decreased in recent years, and some of them are now considered endangered.
Which country has most languages?
Which country has the widest linguistic diversity? Papua New Guinea is the most multilingual country, with over 839 living languages, according to Ethnologue, a catalogue of the world’s known languages.