Indian Ocean, body of salt water covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the world. It is the smallest, geologically youngest, and physically most complex of the world’s three major oceans (Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian).
Which ocean is the smallest?
The Arctic Ocean is the smallest of the world’s five ocean basins. A polar bear walks on the frozen surface of the Arctic Ocean. The freezing environment provides a home for a diverse range of creatures. With an area of about 6.1 million square miles , the Arctic Ocean is about 1.5 times as big as the United States.
Is the Indian Ocean the second smallest?
The Indian Ocean is the third biggest ocean in the world. It is named after the country of India. The Indian Ocean is home to many endangered sea creatures, including turtles, seals and dugongs (also known as sea cows). The Southern Ocean is the second smallest ocean in the world.
What is the largest and smallest ocean?
The five oceans from smallest to largest are: the Arctic, Southern, Indian, Atlantic and Pacific.
Is the Arctic ocean smaller than the Indian Ocean?
Although the Arctic Ocean is by far the smallest of Earth’s oceans, having only a little more than one-sixth the area of the next largest, the Indian Ocean, its area of 5,440,000 square miles (14,090,000 square km) is five times larger than that of the largest sea, the Mediterranean.
Which is the deepest ocean?
Five deepest points of the world’s oceans
Which ocean is frozen?
The Arctic Ocean is Earth’s northernmost body of water. It encircles the Arctic, and flows beneath it. Most of the Arctic Ocean is covered by ice throughout the year—although that is starting to change as temperatures climb.
Why is it called Indian Ocean?
The Indian Ocean is named after India because of its strategic location at the head of the ocean from ancient times and its long coastline which is longer than any other country in the Indian Ocean rim.
Who owns the Indian Ocean?
Australia, Indonesia, and India are the three countries with the longest shorelines and exclusive economic zones. The continental shelf makes up 15% of the Indian Ocean.
Which is the 2nd coldest ocean?
The Southern Ocean is the coldest in the world. This ocean is also known as the Antarctic Ocean or Austral Ocean. Second smallest ocean After Arctic Ocean, which is approximate 2.03 crore Square km and 4% of the earth surface.
What are the 7 oceans called?
The Seven Seas include the Arctic, North Atlantic, South Atlantic, North Pacific, South Pacific, Indian, and Southern oceans. The exact origin of the phrase ‘Seven Seas’ is uncertain, although there are references in ancient literature that date back thousands of years.
What is the warmest ocean?
The area of the Pacific Ocean, 63.8 million square miles, is about twice that of the Atlantic, at 31.8 million square miles. The waters of the Pacific Ocean comprise the world’s largest heat reservoir, by far, and it is the warmest ocean, overall, of the world’s five oceans.
Which ocean is biggest?
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of the world ocean basins. Covering approximately 63 million square miles and containing more than half of the free water on Earth, the Pacific is by far the largest of the world’s ocean basins. All of the world’s continents could fit into the Pacific basin.
Which ocean is the saltiest?
Of the five ocean basins, the Atlantic Ocean is the saltiest. On average, there is a distinct decrease of salinity near the equator and at both poles, although for different reasons. Near the equator, the tropics receive the most rain on a consistent basis.
How big is the Indian Ocean?
Covering approximately 20 percent of the Earth’s surface, the Atlantic Ocean is the second largest ocean basin in the world, following only the Pacific. However, it is only slightly larger than half the size of the Pacific Ocean.