Hindu law, as a historical term, refers to the code of laws applied to Hindus, Buddhists, Jains and Sikhs in British India. … The substance of Hindu law implemented by the British was derived from a Dharmaśāstra named Manusmriti, one of the many treatises (śāstra) on Dharma.
What do you mean by modern Hindu law?
Modern Hindu law refers to one of the personal law systems of India along with similar systems for Muslims, Sikhs, Parsis, and Christians. … The time frame of this period of Hindu law begins with the formal independence of India from Great Britain on August 14, 1947, and extends up until the present.
What is Hindu law and sources of Hindu law?
Shrutis are considered to be the major source of Hindu law. Another term for Shruti is Veda. according to Hindu law, there are four Vedas namely, Rigveda, Samveda, Yajurveda, Atharveda. The brahmins used to pronounce what is written in these Vedas to the people.
What is the origin of Hindu law?
It is regarded that the origin of Hindu law is based on religious texts like the Vedas, the Upnishads, the Geeta, or any other Hindu scripture. A view emerging from these texts leads to the recognition of the law as Dharma. … Many Hindu Jurists believe that Law is an enforceable part of Dharma. Thus, the Law is Dharma.
Who governed by Hindu law?
(I) Follower of Hinduism: The Hindu law applies to the person who is a follower of the Hindu religion. This includes the followers of Virashaiva, Lingayat, Brahmo, Prarthana or Arya Samaj. Apart from these it also applies to the persons who are the followers of Buddhism, Jainism or Sikhism.
What are the essential of Hindu law?
MONOGAMY: Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 provides the rule of monogamy & prohibits polygamy & polyandry. … From the ancient times to 1955, polygamy was recognised in Hindu Law, but polyandry was never permitted . Section 17 would render the offending party liable for prosecution under section 494 and 495 of IPC ,1860.
What is Bangladesh Hindu law?
বাংলা Hindu Law a body of rules, customs and usages guiding the beliefs and ways of life of the Hindus. There are two schools of thought about Hindu law, namely Dayabhaga and Mitakxara.
Who wrote Hindu law?
It is attributed to the legendary first man and lawgiver, Manu. The received text dates from circa 100 ce. The Manu-smriti prescribes to Hindus their dharma—i.e., that set of obligations incumbent on each as a member of one of the four social classes (varnas) and engaged in one of the four stages of life (ashramas).
What are the three categories of Hindu law?
Hindu law can be divided into three categories: The Classical Hindu Law; the Anglo Hindu Law and Modern Hindu Law.
What are the schools of Hindu law?
The two major schools of Hindu law are as follows:
Mitakshara. Daya Bhaga.
Who is Father of law in India?
Neelakanta Ramakrishna Madhava Menon (4 May 1935 – 8 May 2019) was an Indian civil servant, lawyer and legal educator, considered by many as the father of modern legal education in India.
|N. R. Madhava Menon|
|Alma mater||Government Law College, Trivandrum|
|Occupation||Legal educator, lawyer|
Who is not Hindu in Hindu law?
provisions do not apply to the members of the scheduled tribes coming within the meaning of clause (25) of Article 366 of the Constitution of India. Although, Sikh Jain or Buddhist is not a Hindu by religion, though Hindu Law applies to him.
How many sections are there in Hindu law?
Sections in HMA (38 total)
Including amendments and additions.
Who is called Hindu?
The people of India were referred to as Hinduvān (Hindus) and hindavī was used as the adjective for Indian in the 8th century text Chachnama. The term ‘Hindu’ in these ancient records is an ethno-geographical term and did not refer to a religion. The Arabic equivalent Al-Hind likewise referred to the country of India.
What is Vedic law?
The Vedas are considered the earliest literary record of Indo-Aryan civilization and the most sacred books of India. … The laws of the Vedas have regulated the social, legal, domestic and religious customs of Hindus up to the present day. All the obligatory duties of Hindus at birth, marriage, death etc.