Who imposed emergency in India in 1975?

Officially issued by President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed under Article 352 of the Constitution because of the prevailing “internal disturbance”, the Emergency was in effect from 25 June 1975 until its withdrawal on January 1977.

WHO declared emergencies in India?

(1) If the President is satisfied that a grave emergency exists whereby the security of India or of any part of the territory thereof is threatened, whether by war or external aggression or 1[armed rebellion], he may, by Proclamation, make a declaration to that effect 2[in respect of the whole of India or of such part …

When was the first emergency declared in India?

In the history of independent India, a state of emergency has been declared thrice. The first instance was between 26 October 1962 to 10 January 1968 during the India-China war, when “the security of India” was declared as being “threatened by external aggression”.

Why was 1975 emergency imposed?

The final decision to impose an emergency was proposed by Indira Gandhi, agreed upon by the president of India, and thereafter ratified by the cabinet and the parliament (from July to August 1975), based on the rationale that there were imminent internal and external threats to the Indian state.

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Who is Prime Minister of India?

Description: (1) Where a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, the President may by order declare that the right to move any court for the enforcement of such of 1[the rights conferred by Part III (except articles 20 and 21)] as may be mentioned in the order and all proceedings pending in any court for the …

What is Article 356 of the Constitution?

Under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, if a state government is unable to function according to Constitutional provisions, the Union government can take direct control of the state machinery.

Was the emergency necessary class 12?

Yes, the declaration of Emergency in 1975 was necessary. Arguments: (i) Internal disturbances and agitations in the country. (ii) Grave crises had arisen which made the proclamation necessary.

Who succeeded Jawaharlal Nehru as prime minister of India?

Jawahar Lal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of Independent India. His working tenure as Prime Minister of India is from 1947 to 1964. After him, Lal Bahadur Shastri was appointed as the Prime Minister of India. He led the country for 19 months from 9 June 1964 to 11 January 1966.

What is MISA act India?

The Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA) was a controversial law passed by the Indian parliament in 1971 giving the administration of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Indian law enforcement agencies very broad powers – indefinite preventive detention of individuals, search and seizure of property without …

Who is the real head of our country?

The current head of state of India is Ram Nath Kovind, elected in 2017 after being nominated by BJP, the party run by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

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Which no of PM is Modi?

Prime ministers

Name (birth–death); constituency Party (Alliance)
14 Manmohan Singh (born 1932) MP (Rajya Sabha) for Assam Indian National Congress (UPA)
15 Narendra Damodardas Modi (born 1950) MP for Varanasi Bharatiya Janata Party (NDA)

Who was first president of India?

Rajendra Prasad, (born December 3, 1884, Zeradei, India—died February 28, 1963, Patna), Indian politician, lawyer, and journalist who was the first president of the Republic of India (1950–62).

What is the full form of PMO?

A project management office (PMO) is a team or department that sets and maintains standards for project management throughout an organization.